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16 Adornments

मैं इश्क़ करने से डरता नहीं,
वो इश्क़ में फनाह कर देंगी, खौफ इस बात का है।

में उनका इंतज़ार करने से मुकरता नहीं,
वो इंतज़ार में श्रृंगार से तबाह कर देंगी, डर तोह इस बात का है ।

© 2020 Khwabo ka Sapna

Hello Everyone,

Hope you are doing fantastic!

Almost every girl in India has played a game called ‘Ghar-Ghar’ where in she will dress up nicely with all the makeup and do the house hold activities with her fellow friends. So Today I am going to share about a ritual which every Indian Woman  cherishes to do in her life.

We know Brides of India, dress up on the day of wedding or festivals and put 16 Adornments or Solah Shringar to give them a Goddess-like Aura. So I am going to give an insight to what the Shringaar looks like.

Solah Shringar means 16 Bridal Adornments that include sixteen steps that women follow for her beautification from head to toe. Maharani or Queens of medieval times in India used to perform the Solah Shringar whenever they made public appearances.

Pre-Solah Shringar

Traditionally, before commencing the Shringar oiling and washing of the hair is done. The complexion of the bride is then enhanced with ubtan or Angrag. It is made by mixing  sandalwood, kaliyak, agaru, turmeric powder, gram flour and oil,  It was made in different types for use in winter and summer. Both men and women used it for fragrance and coolness. And then follows her ceremonial bath.

Then she adores herself with the Shringaar along with her Bridal/festive dress.

16 Adornments Include:

1. Bindi

Bindi

The bride wears a big bindi/Dot between her eyebrows. Traditionally, it used to be applied with the help of the vermilion powder, but now the gem-encrusted bindis are popularly used.

Significance It is said that the Bindi is applied where the ‘Agya Chakra’ exists. The Agya Chakra is situated in the middle of the forehead, between the eyebrows. It is also known as the “third eye”. The Agya Chakra is the centre of clarity and wisdom. Hence For concentration of the Mind, Bindi is included.

2. Sindoor/Vermilion Powder

Sindoor

Sindoor or vermillion is a red-colored powder that is applied on parting of the bride’s hair. it is worn by Married women only.

Significance– This ritual has a sacred significance. The color red denotes marriage and the well-being of the husband.

3. Maang Tikka

Maang Tikka

Maang tikka is a hair accessory that adorns the forehead of the bride.  It is usually made out of gold and precious gems.

Significance– This ornament increases the charm of the bride as it highlights her face.

4. Anjana or Kajal

Kajal

Eyes are accentuated with Anjana or Kohl or Kajal,which is applied on the edges of the eyelids to make the eyes look attractive. Earlier, Kajal was prepared by collecting the soot of an earthen lamp by lighting a wick in clarified butter or ghee.

Significance-It is put to protect from Evil eye.

5. Nath or Nose Ornament

Nose RIng

The bride also wears a nose ring which provides the traditional ethnic Indian look. The ornate nath, which is comprised of clusters of gems or pearls, is supported by a gold chain, which is fastened behind the ear for support.

Significance- It is believed in Ayurveda, that if the nose is pierced on or near a particular node on the nostril, it gives relief in the pain during periods. Also, another theory holds that piercing must be done on the left nostril as the nerves on that side connect to the female reproductive organs and thus, during childbirth, the pain is comparatively less.

6. Haar or Necklace

MangalSutra

A souvenir from the husband to his wife is Mangalsutra, – necklace made out of gold and black beads.

Significance-The Haar or the necklace is another adornment which is symbolic of prosperity. 

7. Karn Phool or Ear Ornaments or Earrings

earring

Karn Phool or earrings is another important element of Bride’s makeover. It is worn complementing the haar or necklace. They are also Called Jhumkas and are indispensable for a woman doing the Shringaar

Significance-According to Ayurveda, the lobe of the ear has an important point right in the center. This point is one of the most important areas for reproductive health. Moreover, piercing of ear also helps maintain a healthy menstrual cycle in females. It is said that when people wear earrings, the flow of energy is maintained in their bodies.

 8. Mehendi

Mehendi/Henna

Applied on hand and feet in beautiful designs is an element that makes the bride look different from the rest with her feet and arms.

Significance- The red, brown/maroon color of Mehendi is considered to be auspicious and signifies love between the couples.

9. Choodiyan or Bangles

Bangles

In Bengali/ North eastern cultures of India, women wear Shankha Pola and Loha, bangles made of Shell, Lac and Iron to convey their married status. Women from Punjab wear Chudas, red and white bangles made of ivory and embellished with semi-precious stones, to symbolize their married statuses. Bangles of green, red ore maroon colors adds a Goddess like beauty to a woman

Significance-It is mandatory for the bride to wear bangles, which signify the long life and prosperity of her groom.

10. Baajuband or Armlet

Armlet

Bajuband, also known as armlets, is worn by the bride on the upper part of the arm.  It is common to see Rajasthani and South Indian brides wear them.  Baajuband is either made of gold or silver and can be embellished with gems or pearls.

Significance-The area where Bajuband is worn is an acupressure point which helps women fight many physical problems like Headache, Muscle and bone pain.

11. Aarsi & Haathphool

Haathphool

Haathphool are the eight rings (barring the two thumbs) that the bride wears on both her hands.  These are attached to a central flower adornment on the upper part of the hand.  Apart from wearing eight rings in the fingers, the bride also wears the Aarsi which is the thumb ring

Significance- Aarsi is usually set with a mirror which enables the bride to get a glimpse of the groom. The reason behind this was that earlier, the brides had veils which did not give them an opportunity to see their husband to be.

12. Keshapasharachana or Hair Accessory

Hair Accessory

This stands for the hair adornment. Jasmine flowers are traditionally used because of their long lasting fragrance.

The Jadanagam of South India, or, literally, the hair-serpent, is worn by brides to decorate braided hair. The rakkadi at the back of the head in the shape of the sun, symbolic of brilliance and power, is followed by the crescent moon, evocative of calm and peace. The third piece is the fragrant thazhambu flower (screwpine).

Significance- to enhance the beauty.

13. Kamarband or Waist Accessory

Waist Accessory

Kamarband is the waistband that enhances the graceful shape of a female silhouette. This ornament is made out of gold and embellished with gems. Significance-This ornate belt also helps in keeping the dress or sari in place.

14. Payal

Payal Anklet

Payal also known as anklets are chains of silver or gold with chiming beads and designs hanging to it.

Significance- While, the bride walks in these anklets, it signifies the entry of Goddess Lakshmi.

15. Bichuas 

Toe RIng

Stands for toe rings which are made in either silver or gold.

Significance-They are usually worn on the second toe and are significant of married life.

16. Itar or Scent

Scent

Itar or scent or perfume is another element of the Solah Shringar

Significance-It lets out a fragrance which keeps the bride smelling good throughout the long duration of wedding rituals.

This Completes 16 Adornments, they may slightly vary from culture to culture in India some may add Lipsticks. Nail paints etc but overall this whole Shringaar holds a prominent significance to the entire womanhood in the country.

And love, when added on with the adornments, Completes her Beauty.

Thanks for Reading!

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